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tv   BBC World News  WHUT  September 13, 2011 7:00am-7:30am EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major
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corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> in kabul, a major attack underway in the afghan capital. we have the latest. explosions and gunfire as the u.s. embassy and nato are targeted and the taliban claimed responsibility. welcome. the world news and opinion. also in the program, warnings of a bloody cycle of reprisals in libya. amnesty international says opposition forces may be guilty of war crimes>> make sense of international --amnesty international says
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opposition forces may be guilty of war crimes, but that is denied. and in pakistan, have the lessons of the 2010 disaster have been learned? its midday in london, at 3:30 in afternoon in the afghan capital kabul, where least four people have been wounded in an ongoing coordinated attack by a taliban fighters. there have been several explosions and heavy gunfire in what is supposed to be a high security part of the six. rockets have been fired towards the u.s. embassy and the nato headquarters. -- a high security part of the city. quentin somerville, our correspondent, give us the latest. i know you have to take cover earlier in the day. >> one of the rockets did appear to be targeting the u.s. embassy, which is not far from
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where we are right now. 100 meters away. it hit a school bus with a great apnel.f fresnshr at least three suicide attackers are involved on the assault against the u.s. embassy and the international mission. firings have been going on throughout the afternoon. i just heard another couple gunshots very near where we are the moment. >> i am assuming that responsibility for dealing with this lies with the afghan forces. the attack must call a to question their ability to secure troubkabul. >> the number of attacks in this city are down considerably. the taliban and other insurgents groups can strike at even the most secure areas in this city.
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we believe afghan security forces are on the streets. earlier i was on the roof and i could see over the u.s. embassy, marines on top of the embassy security area and assessing the area. george, in between the gunshots, most people, most afghan people and many of the guards have taken cover and are off the streets. >> i cannot quite understand. did you say u.s. marines were involved and were firing backs? >> we did not see them firing back. but you would expect that when an attack takes place, the u.s. marines and foldsoldiers would take position trying to assess the situation and try to make sure that if there is a direct attack on the buildings, but they are prepared for it. >> thank you very much.
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now, libyan rebels fighting to overthrow colonel gaddafi have been accused of unlawful killings and torture. amnesty international media positions in a report based on three months of research in libya. the new government is trying to establish the rule of law. now this report. >> suspected gaddafi loyalists, no suggestion of malpractice. an amnesty international report accuses the gaddafi's regime of committing widespread crimes during the conflict and says it has evidence of serious abuses on opposition supporters including torture and reprisal killings. amnesty is calling on the new leadership to show more accountability. >> there was a rumor about gaddafi using black people as mercenaries. that is wrong. but they have not done a lot to
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curb the rumor and there's been retaliation against sub-saharan africans. whether or not they were involved, they have been taken from their work and their homes and the streets and being tortured and killed. >> amnesty suggest that some opposition forces could be responsible for war crimes, though on a smaller scale than gaddafi loyalists. that is an allegation protected by the national transitional council. >> there are no war crimes. it might be some mistakes, but we cannot clarify them as war crimes. >> forces of the national transitional council checked vehicles leaving the pro-gaddafi and stronghold of bani walid as it continues to hold out fighting despite nato air strikes. carts full of anxious civilians
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and soldiers looking for members of the gaddafi's regime trying to make their escape, too. in tripoli, a new stage for the of the ntc to address the nation. he described his vision for the new libya. >> we seek a state of institutions, laws, and prosperity. we will not tolerate any extremist ideology on the right or the left. we are a muslim people for a moderate islam. we will stay on this road. you are on our side. you are our weapon against anybody who tries to sabotage our revolution. >> managing expectations and
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actual interests of the whole population of this large nation, one of the major challenges ahead. bbc news reporting. >> let's have a quick look at some of the other stories making headlines around world. the iranian president mog mohammad and a dog today has told u.s. television network nbc that two american hikers detained in around will be released in two days' time. -- the iranian president today has told u.s. television network nbc. japan posing new prime minister says nuclear reactors that were shut down after the fukushima disaster will be after safety checks are completed. however he tells parliament the country should explore new technology to reduce its reliance on nuclear power. the australian prime minister has presented her controversial carbon tax bill to parliament. the legislation would force
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about 500 of the country's biggest polluters to pay for every ton of carbon dioxide that they emit to tackle climate change. monsoon rains which have killed 200 people in the southern province of pakistan have now chi.pled crotchekara many people are homeless after the widespread flooding, with more than a million people in need of food and assistance. bbc correspondent ali joining us live there from pakistan. everybody of course remembers 2010. what is it like this time in comparison? >> it is not on that kind of scale.
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for the people in this province, some estimate for thousands of other villages across pakistan and other towns and cities, it has affected them very badly. you can see the center of the town has been completely submerged. around 220 people have been killed over the last few days. this is very different. we are at the southern tip of pakistan. last year there was a massive flood. this time it is simply very heavy rain and it's gone on over the last three days or four days that as a merged all these areas. if people are very worried about all those who have been displaced and living beside roads and cannot find food. >> surely this will compound the problems left over from last year's floods.
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hundred thousand people are still in shelters as a result of 2010. temporary shelters. >> 800,000 from last year. this year we heard that at least 5.3 million people have been affected in the province. many people have been displaced. 300,000 new displaced people. there's a record of trying to get through. 300,000 in government camps. and many more living by the side of the road. this is a slightly different area than the one affected last year. but those areas suffering last year are still trying to rebuild and are taking in people who have been displaced. much more rain is forecast for the coming days. >> thanks very much, ali. a few minutes ago we had a
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report on libya and amnesty international's warning that in a power vacuum in the country there's a danger of reprisals, people taking power into their own hands. let's go to tripoli and speak with our correspondent, richard galpin. these are serious allegations from amnesty international. they are using the term "war crimes." "they are attributing this to both sides, not just gaddafi forces. >> and that's a huge concern. there's a real sense that some of the rebel fighters are really out of control. according to amnesty international, over the months of the revolution, they have carried out revenge killings and have also tortured people who they have captured who they believe to be members of gaddafi forces. also emphasizing very much as they're concerned about foreign
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mercenaries, people accused of being foreign mercenaries, particularly those coming from sub-saharan africa, who have been very much singled out and picked up and sometimes without any reason whatsoever by the rebels. right now we are in the heart of the gaddafi compound here in central tripoli. those concerns are not on the minds of people here. this is amazing video. three weeks on since the capital fell to the rebel forces. here we have hundreds and hundreds of people still celebrating what their revolution has achieved. this is the iconic building which was bombed by the americans 30 years ago or so. it was here where colonel gaddafi made his speeches, particularly one in february when the revolution began,
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denouncing the rebels, saying who are you? many people believe that motivated the revolution even more. there's a sense of optimism. despite all the concerns now about the power vacuum, about what rebel fighters may have been doing, in terms of revenge attacks, there is still a great fervor, a great sense of what the revolution has achieved. >> thank you, richard. still ahead, the soldiers putting their lives on the line every day. we have an exclusive look at the work of british army squads. a dispute over reparations for nazi atrocities. some italian courts have already
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received claims from victims and their families. but germany has rejected the idea that it should pay. >> german soldiers captured by allied forces paraded as prisoners of war. more than 60 years on, germany has forced its way to the international court of justice. the germans are trying to stop victims of the nazi regime from being allowed to claim compensation from germany through the italian court system. >> we request andhe principle of faith and unity, a pillar of present-day international law. central to the principle of state immunity is that of a jurisdictional immunity, which private parties from bringing a suit against another state for acts.
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>> in other words, the germans don't think it's right they should be dragged into the courts of another country. if not its -- it is not just the italians seeking reparations for events that happen during the second world war. this is the aftermath of the disturbing massacre. more than 200 greek villagers were killed in this attack carried out by hitler's army in the summer before the end of the war. on wednesday, lawyers representing the greeks will explain why they believe these victims should also be entitled to claims for reparations. if germany loses, this could be a landmark case, opening up opportunities for victims in other nations to seek compensation for crimes committed by the nazis. bbc news, the hague. >> this is "gmt." the headlines, taliban militants
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have launched a coordinated attacks in the embassy district of the afghan capital. amnesty international says that opposition forces may be guilty of war crimes, but the new authorities in tripoli and denied this. time for business news. aaron is here. >> hello. >> reports that italy wants china to come to their rescue. it's in trouble. where did you go? beijing. >> italy has joined the ranks of spain, greece, portugal, and morgan stanley. when you are strapped for cash, to the chinese because they have a lot of money. they have foreign exchange reserves of $3 trillion. >> how much? >> $3 trillion. they do have the cash. they make very smart investments. >> does italy count?
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>> beijing is willing to support the euro zone. but given the state of some of these economies, italian debt makes up nearly a quarter of all euro zone sovereign debt. it is huge. that's where the markets are focused. given the fate of some of these economies, the question is why would beijing invest? our correspondent is beck -- is in beijing giving an answer. >> trade. that is something chinese officials have talked about over the last few years. what they are interested in seeing happen is that the euro zone countries continue boosting their economies. if their economies falter, people could buy your chinese- made goods and that could tip the chinese economy hard. >> here is the worry. no reassurance to investors, because italy went to the
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markets and have to pay 5.6%. it is an unsustainable figure. that's the highest italy has ever had to pay for five-year bond. no reassurance whatsoever. and hearing rumors that beijing is not interested in italian debt. that has sent french banking shares tumbling today, because they are very exposed to italian, greek, and spanish debt. we will keep abreast of those stores. >> if an american lawmaker did american lawmakers meet today to start work on a deal to reduce that country's deficit. the super committee is made up of six republicans and six democrats and was created as a result of the budget battle in august that sent the u.s. to the brink of default. they have until the end of november to come up with an agreement to cut 1.2 trillion dollars over the next 10 years from their books. if they cannot agree, automatic
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spending cuts will be triggered. >> internet al marj terry fund has approved a $5.5 billion loan to portugal to implement tough austerity measures to try to stabilize the public finances. it's part of a rescue package from the european union and imf and was approved after portugal met targets to cut debt. the world cup will boost new zealand's economy by $1.2 billion according to a report by mastercard. it expects rugby-related spending by overseas visitors to total $650 million during the event. new zealand's economy will benefit from increased business activity and tourism. 95,000 international fans are expected during the course of that tournament. ok, a look at the market's. the markets have been teetering back and forth. again, nobody convinced at the moment that the euro zone or in
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particular euro zone leaders, have a grasp on the situation. not oneraders say it's crisis. it's one crisis and then another without previous prices being fixed. that continues to be the focus on the market. >> thank you. the prime minister of turkey, april 01, who is in cairo, has said that he's ready to give egypt and support that it needs in its transition to democracy. he is expected to give details during an arab league meeting there later today. egypt is his first stop on a tour of three northern african countries that have experienced popular uprisings this year. he travels on a sudanese and libya afterwards. the arab league delegates meeting in cairo are considering how best to get the u.n. backing for palestinian statehood.
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the palestinian authority began a campaign for recognition as a member state of the un last year, but israel and the united states opposed the idea. our correspondent is outside the arab league meeting in cairo and he joins us now. is this arab league meeting likely to back the bid for palestinian statehood? >> 0, yes. they will. that is not in question. what is in question is what may seem an arcane matter, but very important. there are two options for the palestinians. they can go to the u.n. and ask for full statehood, full recognition as a u.n. member, but that would require them going to the u.n. security council and that would be vetoed by the united states. or they could compromise and go to the un general assembly and ask for slightly lower status of a state but not a member state of the u.n. and that is more likely to be passed by the
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general assembly, which is a collective of all un members. they are trying to decide what their strategy is. should they go head on against israel and the u.s. or do they come to a compromise and have a slightly lower status membership. it also depends on the arab league and what the european countries would support. it could be an ugly confrontation at the u.n. next week. >> the way you describe it, john, they are pulling at straws. it is purely symbolic and would make no difference to anyone on the ground. >> well, and this is perhaps the criticism of this strategy, in gaza they say it does not make a difference to anybody and happens at the united nations. nevertheless, israel is very word about it. they worried that a lot of
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consequences could happen. for example, if the palestinians have a degree of membership, bacon start launching cases at the imm and national -- bacon start launching cases at the international criminal court against liberal -- they can start launching cases at the international criminal court against israel. >> thank you very much, john. one of the deadliest jobs in the military is bomb disposal. the taliban secretly started coalition troops and security forces with an improvised explosive devices. the bbc team has been given exclusive access to the british army counter-idd task force in afghanistan. -- ied task force. >> these men and women have the
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job of walking towards the bombs although they know the dangers. >> four bus left from a team of seven. >> adam is a high threat operator. a prime target for the taliban. when a bomb is found, he is the man who will make its eighth regardless of the risk. >> if i went around thinking the next day would be the last, i would not be able to work. >> before he is called, search teams must go out to locate the hidden bombs. >> it is a dangerous job, obviously. every step could be my last. it is a job that has to be done. >> often they have to work under fire from the enemy with the infantry and apache helicopters protecting them.
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while he works inches away from a deadly explosive device, these images from his helmet camera. >> you see it. >> some devices are detonated where they live. others are taken for forensic examination to find out more about the bomb makers. after six months of dealing with more than 1000 homemade bombs, the men and women of the task force return home. three of them were killed and seven very seriously injured. bbc news reporting. >> a tough job. a reminder of our top stories. militants in afghanistan have launched what appears to be a coordinated attack on the embassy's at the capitol. six loud explosions and sustained gunfire has been heard. a taliban spokesman has said intelligence services and a government ministry are being targeted. stay with us on bbc world news.
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there's plenty more ahead. >> making sense of international new news at >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has offers unique insight and expertise in a wide range of industrries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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